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Retirement  

Mo Wang and Valeria Alterman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Retirement, defined as an individual’s exit from the workforce, is usually accompanied by a behavioral withdrawal from work. While retirement was seen as a crisis in the past, it now ... More

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications  

Chun-Jung Huang, Matthew J. McAllister, and Aaron L. Slusher

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Psychological stress disorders, such as depression and chronic anxiety contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Acute psychological and physical stress ... More

Schools and Approaches to Psychotherapy  

Kathleen Someah, Christopher Edwards, and Larry E. Beutler

There are many approaches to psychotherapy, commonly called “schools” or “theories.” These schools range from psychoanalytic, to variations of insight- and conflict-based approaches, ... More

Self-Talk in Sport and Performance  

Judy L. Van Raalte and Andrew Vincent

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Self-talk has been studied from the earliest days of research in experimental psychology. In sport psychology, the cognitive revolution of the 1970s led researchers and practitioners to ... More

The Social Brain Hypothesis and Human Evolution  

Robin I. M. Dunbar

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Primate societies are unusually complex compared to those of other animals, and the need to manage such complexity is the main explanation for the fact that primates have unusually large ... More

Specific Language Impairment  

Laurence B. Leonard

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have a significant deficit in their ability to acquire language that cannot be attributed to intellectual disability, neurological damage, ... More

Speech Perception and Cognition in Cognitive Aging  

Arthur Wingfield, Alexis Johns, and Nicole Ayasse

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Stigma and Health  

Katherine Nieweglowski and Patrick W. Corrigan

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Stigma is a complex process that results from the interaction of stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. When applied to health conditions (e.g., mental illness, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, ... More

Strength Training and Sport Psychology  

E. Whitney G. Moore

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Strength training sessions are developed and overseen by strength and conditioning coaches, whose primary responsibilities are to maximize individuals’ athletic performance and minimize ... More

Surgical Performance from a Psychological Perspective  

Aidan Moran, Nick Sevdalis, and Lauren Wallace

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. There ... More

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